RN: Justice & International Law


Jan Slakov

Dear Renaissance Network,   Nov. 16

The current military crisis threatening Iraq continues and once it is over
the horrific effects of the sanctions will still be with us.... Meanwhile,
I'm receiving news of the development of biological weapons that would
attack certain ethnic groups in particular (!) and other frightening stuff.

Obviously, we need to impose some order in the resolution of international

The following messages are being sent with this in mind. This posting is
intened as an invitation to help find ways to go from reaction to "proaction". 
all the best, Jan
To: •••@••.•••
From: •••@••.••• (James Crombie)
Subject: Cleverly being hoodwinked by Milosevic and Pinochet: Copy of letter
sent to the Globe and Mail (Toronto)

Date: Sat, 14 Nov 1998 16:38:37 -0400

Hello Everyone,

The following is the text of a letter of opinion sent to 
the Toronto Globe and Mail concerning an op-ed 
by Lord Douglas Hurd (British Foreign Secretary 
from 1989 to 1995).  Hurd argues -- somewhat 
ominously, given his former position -- that it would 
be expedient "for the maintenance of peace" to 
simply send Pinochet home to Chile, instead of 
sending him to trial in Spain, or Switzerland, or 

I do not mention this in my letter to the Globe -- 
one has to be brief! -- but another interesting 
aspect of Lord Hurd's text is that he attributes 
his own view to "Chileans"  (presumably in general)
without mentioning that Chileans are strongly 
divided on the issue of "what to do" with their 
most famous general.  Some of them clearly 
want him back as dictator!

******** Beginning letter sent to Globe and Mail ********

Re  What do we do with someone like Pinochet?  
(Douglas Hurd -- Nov. 13):

Lord Hurd opines that it would be clever or 
expedient in the maintenance of peace to quietly 
let Pinochet go home, instead of having him go 
to trial in Spain.

Among the more unconvincing arguments he 
gives for this view is the parallel with how western 
leaders have been dealing with President Slobodan 
Milosevic of Serbia.

Western leaders, including Lord Hurd, have been 
allowing themselves to be hoodwinked by this 
man for a good half-dozen years.  Not only has he 
probably been an accomplice in many atrocities, 
he is notoriously untrustworthy in negotiations.  As 
the result of the "wisdom" of the policy pursued, the 
Kosovo problem -- which was easy to see coming -- 
was allowed to develop to the point where a quarter 
million civilians had to flee their homes before it 
was thought worthwhile to do anything.  A firmer
insistence on respect for human rights and international 
law might easily have prevented the situation from 
becoming so extreme.

Lord Hurd suggests in his conclusion that belief in 
the saying _fiat justitia ruat coelum_ is a vestige of our 
childhoods.   The suggestion is clearly that ensuring 
that justice is done is a recipe for making the sky fall.

I would humbly suggest that, on the contrary, seeing that 
justice is done is the best way to keep the sky propped up.

Justice is not to be confused with vindictiveness, however, 
and I share Lord Hurd's admiration for the South African model 
of forgiveness in exchange for truth.  Augusto Pinochet should 
have to earn whatever immunity he enjoys by telling all he knows.

James Crombie, Pointe-de-l'Église, N.S., Canada

************ End of letter to Globe and Mail *************

Date:         Sun, 15 Nov 1998 08:31:04 -0600
Sender: World Order Conference List <•••@••.•••>
From: "Boyle, Francis" <•••@••.•••>
Subject:      Assassination is a War Crime! US Admin leak to the NYTimes

                                            PLEASE FORWARD
Dear Friends: You will note that the United States government is now
directly plotting to assassinate its adversaries around the world,especially
in the Middle East. Of course this criminal behavior violates its own
so-called Executive Order, which it has never paid any attention to in the
first place. It also violates the prohibition on assassinations found in the
Regulations Annexed to Hague Convention No. 4 of 1907, to which the United
States government is a party--the "Supreme Law of the Land" under article VI
of the United States Constitution. In 1945 the Nuremberg Tribunal held that
these Hague Regulations had become customary international law. For that
reason, the prohibition on assassination was put into US Army Field Manual
27-10 (1956), the Laws of Armed Conflict, where it is made clear that
assassination is a war crime. Finally, the New York Convention also
prohibits the assassination of Heads of State or Government (e.g., Saddam
Hussein, Moammer Ghadafy), Ambassadors, etc. You will note that now
so-called "responsible" members of the American Foreign Policy Establishment
and Elite are publicly talking about the need to "take out" Saddam Hussein
himself as the "final solution" to the "Iraq problem." Once again, US
government officials are behaving like the Nazi and Japanese war criminals
sentenced to death at Nuremberg and Tokyo.
         We  also now know why Scheffer and his henchmen worked so hard at
Rome last summer to gut and destroy the International Criminal Court. They
were already planning this latest criminal attack upon Iraq.
Francis A. Boyle
Professor of International Law

Francis A. Boyle
Law Building
504 E. Pennsylvania Ave.
Champaign, IL 61820

> ----------
> From:         MichaelP[SMTP:•••@••.•••]
> Sent:         Saturday, November 14, 1998 11:47 PM
> Subject:      US Admin leak to the NYTimes
> New world order:  Assassination attempts are "legal" !!
> Cheers
> MichaelP
> NYTimes      November 14, 1998
> Bin Laden Was Target of Air Strikes, U.S. Acknowledges
Date:         Mon, 9 Nov 1998 22:23:47 -0500
Sender: World Order Conference List <•••@••.•••>
From: Ross Wilcock <•••@••.•••>

-----Original Message-----

Non-member submission from [Global Network Against Weapons and Nuclear Power
in Space <•••@••.•••>]
Date:   Mon, 9 Nov 1998 19:54:40 -0500 (EST)
From:   Global Network Against Weapons and Nuclear Power in Space
To:     Abolition 2000 Network <•••@••.•••>
Subject:        SPACE NEWSLETTER

GLOBAL NETWORK SPACE NEWSLETTER                    November 9, 1999

1)  CHINA CALLS FOR SPACE WEAPONS BAN:  China's Ambassador for Disarmament
Affairs has called on the U.N. to work toward negotiating a treaty on the
prevention of the "weaponization" of space.  Ambassador Li Changhe recently
stated that "Outer space will be turned into a weapon base and battle field,
and regional and global strategic stability will be undermined."
3)  LETTERS TO GLENN:  Hundreds of letters from all over the U.S. and Europe
were sent to Sen. John Glenn prior to his late October launch into space.
The letters urged him to speak out against turning the heavens into a
battlefield.  Sen. Tom Harkin (D-Iowa) also sent a message to Sen Glenn
urging him to make such a statement.  In the past Sen. Harkin has introduced
the "Outer Space Protection Act" which would have banned weapons in space.
Unfortunately Harkin's bill could never even get hearings.
4)  DOE & PLUTONIUM:  The Department of Energy is now undergoing planning to
expand their production process for nuclear power in space.  As
inter-planetary missions like Cassini are expanded and serious efforts are
made toward missions to the moon and Mars, nuclear power becomes more of an
issue.  Mining colonies are now being seriously planned and discussed by
NASA for the moon and Mars.  They are proposing to power these colonies with
nuclear sources.  One must wonder how communities and workers at/near DOE
plutonium production sites will be impacted?  DOE didn't have a very good
record when they were building bombs.  Contact us for more info.  The
deadline for comment at DoE on this issue is January 4, 1999.
6)      LAUNCH SITES UNDERWAY ALL OVER U.S.:  Currently most rockets are
from Cape Canaveral in Florida or Vandenberg AFB in California.  Plans are
now underway to build launch sites at the following places in the U.S.:
Wallops Island, Virginia; Kodiak Island, Alaska; Spaceport Montana on the
Crow Indian reservation; and Nevada Test Site.  Other states are also vying
for selection as a launch site for Lockheed Martin's new X-33 (VentureStar).
They include Arkansas, Arizona, Hawaii, Idaho, Louisiana, North Carolina,
New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas, Utah and Washington.
(<snip> of items detailing actions/contacts in many places, eg. Iowa, North
Carolina, Florida, England, Germany - Just ask <•••@••.•••> if
you would like the full post)
15)     GLOBAL NETWORK MEMBERSHIP:  At this time the GN is an all volunteer
organization, no paid staff.  In order to stop this enormous juggernaut
pushing nukes and weapons into space we will need to be more visible and
more active.  It is our hope to soon publish a print newsletter but at this
time we have no funds to do it.  If you'd like to support our work please
consider taking out a membership in our growing organization.  Group and
individual memberships are on a sliding scale, pay what you can best afford
between $25 - $100.  And please help us by forwarding this e-mail to your
own list.  Thanks.

For peace in space,
Bruce K. Gagnon
PO Box 90083
Gainesville, Fl. 32607
(352) 337-9274