rn: Brazil & IMF, MST urgent action, Conf. for Humanity, against Neoliberalism, UNPO


Jan Slakov

From: "Viviane Lerner" <•••@••.•••>
Subject: FW: Brazil to IMF: Shut up or get out 
Date: Sun, 13 Feb 2000 12:12:47 -1000


Feb 12, 19:28 est

Brazil to IMF: Shut up or get out

RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) - The International Monetary Fund has retracted
criticism of Brazil's anti-poverty plan in the wake of national indignation
and calls for IMF representative Lorenzo Perez to be kicked out of the

Perez released a statement late Friday saying the government's explanation
of the plan convinced him it would not endanger Brazil's ability to reduce
its debt. Reducing the debt and a chronic budget deficit are parts of
Brazil's 1998 agreement with the IMF for a $41.5-billion (U.S.) bailout

On Thursday, Perez openly questioned the wisdom of the proposed 10-year
anti-poverty program, which would cost $2.3 billion a year. Most of the
money would come from the privatization of government property, which Brazil
now uses to defray a huge domestic debt of about $294 billion.

''Brazil already spends a significant amount of money on social programs,''
Perez said in the first statement.

''This money has to be used more effectively.''

The statement managed to unite the political right and left in outrage.
Senate President Antonio Carlos Magalhaes of the rightist Liberal Front
party said it was ''undue meddling'' in the country's affairs.
Representative Jose Dirceu of the leftist Workers party urged the government
send Perez home.

In the 1980s, when Brazil went broke and was bailed out by the IMF, many
Brazilians blamed the Washington-based fund for the recession that ensued.
IMF-bashing rallies were common.

Anti-IMF sentiment erupted again in 1991, when IMF economist Jose Fajgenbaum
insisted structural reforms in the economy would require changing the
constitution. Former Brazilian president Fernando Collor de Mello said
Fajgenbaum should ''go reform his own house.''
Date: Fri, 11 Feb 2000 15:50:53 -0200
From: SEJUP <•••@••.•••>
Subject: News from Brazil, No. 387

NEWS FROM BRAZIL supplied by SEJUP (Servico Brasileiro de Justica e Paz).
Number 387, February 11, 2000.
        - The Second American Conference for Humanity and against Neoliberalism

        Anarchists, Bolivarists, Catholics, democrats, ecologist, feminists, gays,
Hare Krishnas, intellectuals, politicians, teachers, students, visionaries.
. . .  During the week of December 6th, 1999, 2,686 delegated from 24
countries, 24 Brazilians states, 31 indigenous nations, and numerous
cultural, social and non-governmental organizations participated in the
Second American Conference for Humanity and against Neoliberalism, held in
Belem, Para. In spite of a national press boycott, 80 important newspapers
from around the world gave coverage to the event. The participants were
divided into groups with diverse themes.  However, most of the discussion
were centered around the impact of neoliberalism on the lives of people, on
agrarian issues, and on culture.  In spite of the seriousness of the talks,
the climate of the meeting was   one of celebration, even during moments
when debates were intense.

        The participants resolved to take on several grand undertakings.  One of
these was to organize a "March of the Americas," which will begin
simultaneously in Brazil and Canada, and march throughout the continent,
calling forth protests and demonstrations in the cities, towns and villages
through which the march may pass.  The march will end in the Mexican city
of Juarez, on the U.S.-Mexico border, where there is a steel wall,
protected by helicopters, guards and dogs, which symbolizes the separation
between the rich and the poor of the two continents.  The first meeting to
prepare for the march will be in March of this year.  

        Another decision was made to call forth a plebiscite in every Latin
American country on the payment of external debt.  To do this, it will be
necessary to incorporate every popular movement and organization in Latin
America.  In Brazil, this process will be combined with the organization of
the movement, "Brazil: 500 years of Indigenous, Black, and Popular
Resistance."  The idea is to join forces with the 2,000 indigenous who will
be present in Porto Seguro to say to authorities that beginning now, there
will be another different kind of "500 years."

        The group resolved to take up the cause of the liberation of Mumia Abu
Jamal, a member of the Black Panthers, who has been in prison in the United
States since December of 1981 under the accusation of murdering a
Philadelphia police officer.  His trial was a judicial farce.  He is
considered to be a political prisoner.

        Another resolution was made in the area of communication: to fight for the
rights to access to information and to cultural productions of resistance
by all means available.  One idea was to form a communication net among the
various groups and social movements, through newspapers, journals,
bulletins, radios, television, Internet, etc.

        Finally, at the plenary meeting, participants decided to accept an
invitation from the Anishnabaies Indians of Canada to host the next

Source: Caros Amigos January, 2000 
To read the resolution of the conference in Portuguese, go to:


        - Landless worker killed by gunmen in Atalaia, Alagoas

>From the Movimento Sem Terra (Movement of rural workers Without Land)

February 2, 2000

A landless worker was killed by gunmen hired by landowner Pedro Duarte,
known as "Pedro do Charque (Beef Jerky Pedro)" at around 11 am, on February
2, 2000, at the Sao Pedro farm in the town of Atalaia.  Ailton, 21 years
old, was an activist in the MST.  Two other workers were seriously wounded.

Sao Pedro farm was first occupied on January 4, 1999 by 200 families, and
during the year was reoccupied 5 more times. INCRA (National Institute for
Colonization and Agrarian Reform) visited this area twice during this
period and declared it to be productive land. This provoked the indignation
of the workers, who are aware that the land is idle, and so they decided to
reoccupy the farm on February 1.  It should be noted that INCRA, the
government agency that should be working for the growth of agrarian reform,
is in collusion with the land owners, allowing them to "apply make up" to
the area during inspections.

Governor Ronaldo Lessa was advised numerous times of the presence of gunmen
at the farm, but no precautions were taken.  In fact, one worker had
already been tortured by the gunmen, in May 1999, being tied up in barbed
wire and brutally beaten, and was not murdered only because the rest of the
camp came to his aid.  On top of this, on this same day, armed gunmen in
the presence of the Alagoas State Police were filmed by a television crew
as they bullied and harassed workers at the camp.

We are asking our friends to send faxes or e-mails to:

- Governor of Alagoas, Ronaldo Lessa 
fax: (82) 326-5724; 

- President Fernando Henrique Cardoso 
fax: (61) 226-7566, •••@••.•••;

- Minister of Justice, Jose Carlos Dias
•••@••.•••, fax 011 55 61 321 15 65;

- Superintendent of INCRA/Alagoas, Ricardo Vitorio (fax: (82) 326-5288); 

- Minister of Agrarian Reform, Raul Jullgman (fax: (61) 226-8727); 

- Secretary of Public Security of the State of Alagoas, Edmilson Miranda
(fax: (82) 336-9001).

Please ask them to act as soon as possible because the situation at the
camp is tense,
and a new gun fight could occur, since the families are resisting.  Also,
it should be requested that not only the gunmen, but also the   landowners
who ordered the crime, should be arrested.

The reproduction of this material is permitted as long as the source is
cited.  If you wish to contact us or receive NEWS FROM BRAZIL free of
charge by e-mail send a message to sejup1@ ax.apc.org 
Date: Sun, 13 Feb 2000 19:29:48 -0600
From: Mark Douglas Whitaker <•••@••.•••>
Subject: WWW: http://www.unpo.org/  Unrepresented Nations and Peoples


Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation
UNPO is an international organisation created by nations and peoples around
the world, who are not represented as such in the world´s principal
international organisations, such as the United Nations.
Founded in 1991, UNPO today consists of over 50 members who represent over
100 million persons. UNPO offers an international forum for occupied
nations, indigenous peoples, minorities, and even oppressed majorities who
currently struggle to regain their lost countries, preserve their cultural
identities, protect their basic human and economic rights and safeguard the
natural environment.

 What is the UNPO?

UNPO is an international organisation created by nations and peoples around
the world who are not represented as such in the world's principal
international organisations, such as the United Nations. 
Founded in 1991, UNPO today consists of nearly 50 members and observer
nations and peoples who represent over 100 million persons. UNPO offers an
international forum for occupied nations, indigenous peoples, minorities,
and even oppressed majorities who currently struggle to regain their lost
countries, preserve their cultural identities, protect their basic human and
economic rights, and safeguard the natural environment.


UNPO does not represent those peoples; it assists and empowers them to
represent themselves more effectively. To this end, UNPO provides much
needed professional services and facilities as well as education and
training in the fields of diplomacy, international and human rights law,
democratic processes and institution building, conflict management and
resolution and environmental protection. Assistance by UNPO at the United
Nations enhances activities by indigenous and other unrepresented peoples there.

Many groups turn to violence out of frustration at the refusal or inability
of the international community or particular governments to listen, let
alone respond, to their concerns. By demonstrating the effectiveness of
non-violent strategies and actions, UNPO members hope that their
organisation may succeed in reducing the use of violence throughout the world.

The costs of running an organisation such as UNPO are very high, and the
peoples who set up UNPO do not have the means to support it on their own.
Although the International Secretariat staff in the Hague is all-volunteer,
operating costs are still considerable. Members, private foundations and
individuals finance its activities. In the long run only a solid base of
individual FRIENDS OF UNPO can assure UNPO's continued existence and support
for the needs and interest of the unrepresented nations and peoples.

Struggling in isolation is very painful. The knowledge that other peoples
are going through similar experiences and that there are people throughout
the world who know about your plight and who care, is of immeasurable

FRIENDS OF UNPO provide this moral support. Through the publication of UNPO
OF UNPO informed of the situation of nations and peoples throughout the
world. FRIENDS OF UNPO will also, in future, create Support Groups to
develop activities in support of human rights and the aims of UNPO Members.