rn: Guide to the “Seattle meltdown”


Jan Slakov

Date: Fri, 10 Mar 2000 21:59:54 -0800
To: •••@••.•••, •••@••.•••
From: CyberBrook <•••@••.•••>
Subject: Activist web sites/'Guide to the Seattle Meltdown'

                Published on Friday, March 10, 2000

                Leaked Memo:
                'Guide to the Seattle Meltdown'
                Lobbyists Warn Corporate America Of Growing
                Power Of Citizen's Movement
                Editors Note: Doug Henwood, of the Left Business Observer,
spoke with Gardner Peckham
                on March 9th who confirmed the authenticity of this leaked

                Black * Kelly * Scruggs & Healy
                A Burson * Marsteller Company
                1801 K Street, N.W. * Suite 901-L
                Washington, D.C. 20006-1201
                202.530.0500 * 202.530.4800

                January 14, 2000

                Dear [Corporate Client]:

                Enclosed is our "Guide to the Seattle Meltdown: A
Compendium of Activists at the WTO
                Ministerial". The "Guide" is a comprehensive listing of the
activist groups which protested
                against the WTO Ministerial in Seattle this past November.
It lists the groups and their
                leaders we were able to identify, descriptions of their
ethos (largely in their own words), as
                well as web site addresses and other useful information. We
wanted to share this "Guide"
                with you, not so much as a retrospective on the past, but
as an alarming window on the

                The spectacle created in Seattle during the WTO Ministerial
meeting by a diverse collection
                of activists may have significant short-term ramifications
for the business community. The
                perceived success of these groups in disrupting Seattle and
in contributing to the failure of
                the WTO meeting will be a dramatic boon to them in several
ways. First, their victory and
                heightened visibility will lead to substantially enhanced
fundraising capability. Second, the
                smell of victory will lead to a deepening of already
existing coalitions and will strengthen the
                recognition that broadening such coalitions to include
non-traditional allies exponentially
                increases effectiveness. Third, the Presidential election
campaign and several likely trade
                votes in Congress this year will give activists golden
opportunities to seek wider recognition
                and gain additional strength. These high profile battles
will allow activists to further
                institutionalize and consolidate their gains, increase
coordination, gamier greater media
                attention and expand their targeting of business interests.

                What is less understood -- but perhaps more significant --
is the potential ability of the
                emerging coalition of these groups to seriously impact
broader, longer-term corporate
                interests. Seattle was not an anomaly and the consistent
anti-corporate message of
                virtually all the groups who participated there in November
is not a temporary phenomenon.
                Many have traditionally highlighted alleged corporate
misconduct in mass mail fund raising

                campaigns. More recently, some environmental groups have
resorted to targeting
                corporations for contributions in return for suspending
their public ire.

                At Black, Kelly, Scruggs & Healey, we have developed a
capability direction of these
                groups, as well as to defend clients against their attacks.
I hope you find the enclosed
                "Guide" useful and if you have any questions, please call
me at: (202) 530-4805.


                Gardner G. Peckham
                Managing Director

                - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 

                Guide to the Seattle Meltdown:
                A Compendium of Activists at the WTO Ministerial

                "Many of the groups that helped organize the anti-WTO
victories in Seattle are already
                preparing for days of protest, education, training, and
direct action during the week of April
                9-16 in Washington. The week begins on Sunday, April 9th
with a Jubilee 2000/USA
                mobilization for cancellation of the debts of African,
Latin American, Asia-Pacific, and
                Caribbean countries, and continuing with teach-ins and
trainings on the global economy. It
                will culminate with a massive rally at IMF Headquarters on
Sunday, April 16th 2000."
                                   - 50 Years is Enough web site

                "Leaders of the peaceful demonstrations have lashed out at
the anarchists, accusing them
                of undermining their anti-globalism message by breaking
windows and destroying property.
                The anarchists in turn accused the Seattle protesters of
protecting the same
                private-property interests that the WTO represents."
                                    - The Los Angeles Times

                "...the coalition [of labor, environmental and human rights
groups that took to the streets in
                Seattle to protest the WTO] said that they will flood over
100 key congressional offices with
                phone calls and letters and march on Washington this Spring
to prevent passage of NTR
                for China."
                                    - National Journal's Congress Daily

                1) Abya Yala Fund
                Alicia Canaviri, President-, Nilo Cayuqueo, Director

                "Fosters greater self-reliance by indigenous peoples
through support of struggles to protect
                homelands, natural environment and human rights, to improve
health care, to address
                domestic legislation and international laws, to obtain
access to communications media to
                improve the conditions and status of women, to increase
economic security, and to
                revitalize cultural and spiritual traditions. "The group's
focus is on providing training, grants
                and technical assistance for self-development projects that
originate in, and are controlled
                by, indigenous communities and organizations in Central and
South America - not on

                anti-WTO advocacy. The web site provides links to the
sites of other indigenous groups as
                well as sites about anti-globalization and ending corporate

                2) A SEED

                Action for Solidarity, Equality, Environment and
Development. "A global and diverse action
                network focusing on a broad range of issues, A SEED plays a
critical role in involving young
                people in the struggles against ecological destruction and
social injustice." They advocate
                the use of public opposition to stop the WTO in the same
manner that it was used to block
                the " . . . the corporate-driven MAI [multilateral
agreement on investment] agreement. " The
                web site presents many campaigns and publications and links
to other activist
                organizations. The group claims that more than 700
organizations worldwide have signed its
                on-line petition against the WTO and are associated with

                3) AFL-CIO
                John Sweeney, President; Linda Chavez-Thompson, Exec.

                "A voluntary federation of 68 national and international
labor unions that include 13 million
                working women and men and which espouses a strong political
voice for improving the lives
                of working families. " The web site contains plenty of
information about the WTO, including
                a blueprint for reforming it. The group plans to keep
pressure on Congress and the
                government against the WTO, the Caribbean Basin Initiative,
and normalized trade relations
                (NTR) with China. The group is large, very well organized,
and headquartered in DC The web
                site provides many links to the sites of other labor
unions, organizations, constituency
                groups, the government, and media. Issues of interest to
the group include: environmental
                protection, debt relief, poverty alleviation, and
investment policy reforms.

                4) Alliance for Sustainable Jobs and the Environment
                Tracy Katelman (activist, also part of the Trees Foundation)

                5) Amazon Watch
                Lucy Braham, WTO contact; Mark Westlund, U'wa defense
working group contact 

                "Works with indigenous and environmental organizations in
the Amazon Basin to defend the
                environment and advance indigenous peoples' rights in the
face of large-scale industrial
                development (oil and gas pipelines, power lines, roads, and
other mega-projects)." The
                group is currently focusing on Venezuela, Bolivia/Brazil
(against the Overseas Private
                Investment Corporation), and Colombia. It is a major
opponent of Occidental Petroleum's
                drilling on "U'wa traditional land," and on that issue are
very vocal and organized.

                6) Anarchist Action Collective
                Marshall Kirkpatrick, contact

                Based out of Eugene, Oregon, the anarchists state, "Fight
back and don't get caught
                ...sacking the WTO is just a start. "

                7) Black Army Faction and Black Clad Messengers
                John Zerzan, contact

                Another militant anarchist group based out of Eugene.
Oregon. The group advocates
                property destruction (against private property) and some of
its members were responsible
                for much of the damage in Seattle. Zerzan has authored and
edited books and essays
                promoting "anarcho-primitivism." He has also participated
in speeches, lectures, radio talk
                shows and 60 Minutes.

                8) Chinese Activist Groups

                Wei Jingsheng, leading Chinese democracy activist and
Fellow at Columbia University's
                Center for the Study of Human Rights Wei says that, "WTO
entry for China will either
                re-enforce the existing system of manipulation and
corruption, or result in chaos, providing
                no one with a safe, sound, or fair environment for trade. "

                9) Christian Aid
                Alex Milner (spokeswoman)

                An organization of British and Irish churches, engaged in
relief work in more than 60
                countries to Improve lives and tackle the causes of poverty
and injustice". It consists of
                3,500 committees around the UK and Ireland. They have links
to church groups, and
                organizations associated with the environment, free trade,
and free speech.

                1O) CISPES
                Jili Dowling, New York contact

                Committee In Solidarity With the People of El Salvador.
"This year we have committed to
                raising $50,000 of material aid to help build a stronger
labor movement and to organize
                maquila workers in El Salvador. For two years, CISPES has
funded the monthly salaries of
                FMLAR organizers in communities with minimal resources.
This material aid contributed to
                the party's electoral breakthrough in 1997.- the FMLN won
the elections in seven of the
                eight municipalities where the grassroots organizers were
funded" This group appears very
                large, as it has a monthly newsletter and offices across
the U.S.. in addition to being
                affiliated with many other activist groups.

                11) Citizens Trade Campaign
                Scott Nova, Director

                This umbrella coalition is targeting 100 legislators,
focusing on two key issues: 1)
                Opposition to permanent NTR; and 2) A campaign to "fix or
nix" the WTO. It supports an
                annual review of NTR status for China.

                12) Consumers International

                Julian Edwards, Director General

                "A global federation consisting of some 250 consumer
organizations in 111 countries sent
                over 30 delegates from all over the world to Seattle. They
call for a review of the existing
                agreements and their implementation before the WTO
undertakes rapid liberalization. They
                support the continuation of attempts to resolve trade
policy issues in Geneva but insist they
                must be met by improved transparency in the operation of
the WTO and involvement in civil
                society. Edwards was one of the few NGO leaders asked to
speak at the Ministerial. " The
                web site contains trade briefing papers and extensive
campaign information. The group
                regularly monitors various governments' positions regarding
the WTO. The group is based
                out of London and sponsors the annual World Consumers
Rights Day on March 1-5.

                13) Direct Action Network
                Hillary McQuie, contact

                "A network of local grassroots organizations and street
theater groups who are mobilizing
                communities to creatively resist the WTO and corporate
globalization. Want a new world of
                free and ecological society based on mutual aid and
voluntary cooperation to replace the
                current social order."

                The network appears very organized. For example, it sold
"Resist the WTO" paraphernalia
                and even offered maps of downtown Seattle last November-The
group cosponsored the
                Seattle protests with Global Exchange, RAN, Ruckus Society,
Project Underground,
                National Lawyers Guild, Mexico Solidarity Project, 50 Years
is Enough, CISPES, Green
                Party (Seattle), Earth First (Seattle), and many more. The
site provides links to many web

                14) Earth Justice Legal Defense Fund
                Patti Goldman, lawyer

                "The law firm for the environment " A 501 (c) (3)
organization established in 1971, it has
                represented more than 500 clients (national and
international) at no cost, many of which are
                listed in this document. The group is currently
representing the Sierra Club against the
                WTO for not protecting the sea turtle. It also represents
Public Citizen in support of the
                EU's right to ban the import of meat containing potentially
harmful additives. 'Me group has
                an office in Washington, DC

                15) 50 Years is Enough
                Njoki Njoroge Njeheu, Director

                "US Network for Global Economic Justice is a coalition of
205 grassroots faith-based,
                policy, women's, social and economic justice, youth,
solidarity, labor, and development
                organizations dedicated to the profound transformation of
the World Bank and the IMF." 

                Based in Washington, DC, the group organized the IMF
demonstration in September 1999.
                The group does not seem very large, but it does receive
some press coverage and
                collaborates with other activists. Njeheu was a participant
at the follow-up seminar in
                Washington, DC last December on where the activists can go
with the Seattle momentum.

                16) FOCUS on the Global South 
                Walden Bello, Executive Director; Aileen Kwa, WTO contact

                "A program of progressive development policy research and
practice, dedicated to regional
                and global policy analysis, micro-macro linking and
advocacy work FOCUS works with
                NGOs and people's organizations in Asia Pacific and other
regions. " The group has a small
                staff, but has many other sister organizations such as
Third World Network. Bello has
                authored many books and is often published in international
newspapers. The organization
                is based out of the Philippines.

                17) French Peasants Confederation
                Jose Bove, Leader

                Bove is a French goat farmer who tore up a McDonald's
restaurant with a tractor to protest
                U.S. trade sanctions on Rocquefort cheese. His group claims
to have 40,000 members.

                18) Friends of the Earth
                Brent Blackwelder, President; Andrea Durbin, Director,
international programs

                "... a national environmental organization dedicated to
preserving the health and diversity of
                the planet for future generations. The largest
international environmental network in the world
                with affiliates in 63 countries ... are already planning
for the longer term [beyond Seattle}." 

                The group has endorsed Bill Bradley for President. It
states that it is not opposed to the
                idea of WTO, but believes the rules need to be changed
(i.e. more environmental
                standards). The group also believes in maintaining tariffs
on forest products and is against
                biotechnology and OPIC.

                19) Global Exchange
                Kevin Danahar, Co-Founder; Medea Benjamin, Co-Founder

                "A non-profit research, education, and action center
dedicated to promoting
                people-to-people ties around the world. Working with Fair
Traders across North America and
                throughout the world to increase awareness of Fair Trade
issues and to translate that
                awareness into consumer activism in the global marketplace.
Part of the Fair Trade
                Federation, an association of producers, wholesalers, and
retailers, that is launching a
                major consumer education campaign in the U.S. The challenge
is to make fair trade and
                corporate globalization an issue in electoral campaigns,
especially in the upcoming
                presidential race. Another goal is to block congressional
approval of China's entry into the

                WTO." The group advocates normal relations with Cuba, and
is critical of the IMF, World
                Bank, NAFTA, MAI, the African Growth and Opportunity Act,
and the WTO. The group
                appears very well organized and its web site contains many
links to other organizations.

                20) Greenpeace
                Kristen Engberg, Executive Director

                This group has offices in more than 40 countries and claims
to have more than 2.4 million
                supporters worldwide. Its web site contains links to
numerous environmental organizations.
                Among the group's major issues are:

                Bio-diversity of oceans and forests, climate change,
nuclear power, toxic pollution, genetic
                engineering and ocean dumping.

                21) Humane Society
                Patricia Forkan, Executive Director

                This group plans to begin an effort to collect 2001
signatures by the end of 2001 calling on
                all governments to stop the WTO from interfering with
national environmental and health
                safety laws. Its web site offers educational publications,
public-awareness campaigns, and
                activist alerts. It is an international and well-known
group with headquarters in DC Among its
                major issues are: Dolphin and sea turtle conservation laws
and hormone-treated beef.

                22) Indigenous Environmental Network
                Tom Goldtooth, coordinator

                "Coalition of grassroots Native organizations provides
national, regional, local, advocacy on
                indigenous grassroots and tribal issues concerning
environmental protection, natural
                resource management, and environmental health issues. Speak
for themselves and are not
                represented by environmental groups. Indigenous
environmentalists have received a mixed
                response on the federal level. " The coalition is in
contact with the media and appears well
                organized. It has a U'wa Defense Working Group Action Alert
on its web site, as well as
                links to many other WTO protest groups and indigenous
groups. Its WTO link is:

                23) Indigenous Peoples' Network for Policy Research and
                Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, Philippines

                24) Institute for Local Self-Reliance
                Neil Seldman, President; David Morris, Vice President

                "Since 1974, ILSR has been dedicated to helping a broad
range of citizens - including
                grassroots community groups, government leaders, and
business entrepreneurs - develop
                and implement environmentally sound economic development
strategies. Through research,
                policy initiatives, coalition building, and technical
assistance, they lay the groundwork for
                developing humanity-scaled, sustainable economic systems. "
Morris is the author of many

                publications and has a regular column in the St. Paul
Pioneer Press. The group's national
                headquarters is in DC

                25) lAMAW
                R.Thomas Buffenbarger, International President

                International Association of Machinists and Aerospace
Workers. Professes the need to
                incorporate internationally recognized labor standards into
the rules of the WTO. The IAM
                will lead the fight for fair trade that includes basic,
fundamental human and labor rights. "
                IAMAW is a large union with more than 535,000 members in
the U.S., Canada, Puerto
                Rico, Guam, and the Panama Canal Zone. It has recently
merged with UAW and USWA
                and is affiliated with many other organizations such as:
AFL-CIO, Canadian Labour
                Congress, Railway Labor Executives' Association,
International Labor Organization,
                International Metalworkers Federation, and International
Transport Workers' Federation. The
                organization has its headquarters in Washington, DC The IAM
cable TV network has, " . . .
                more than 60 cable TV public access channels airing the
10-part series Working in
                America. The latest to join the IAM network is the Prince
Georges County Cable TV
                System in Largo, Maryland".

                26) International Brotherhood of Teamsters 
                James P. Hoffa, President

                This organization is one of the largest labor unions, with
1.4 million members in the U.S.
                and Canada. It is committed to defeating MFN and is
planning to lobby Congress and the
                government extensively against the WTO. The organization is
headquartered in Washington,

                27) ICFTU
                Bill Jordan, General Secretary

                The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, "has
214 affiliated organizations in
                143 countries, cooperates with the International Labor
Organization and the UN, in addition
                to having contacts with the WTO, World Bank and IMF". Some
of the organization's issues
                are: Employment and international labor standards, tackling
the multinationals, trade union
                rights, equality, race and migrants, trade union
organization and recruitment. The
                organization offered a 30-page WTO strategy on its web site.

                28) International Forum on Globalization
                Jerry Mander, Director; Victor Mcnotti, Dir. Environment

                "Founded in 1994 of over sixty activists, scholars,
economists, researchers, and writers
                formed to stimulate new thinking, joint activity, and
public education in response to
                economic globalization Most of us view the process of
globalization as the most extreme
                restructuring of the planet's social, economic and
political arrangements since the Industrial
                Revolution, bringing with it profound effects on human life
and the natural world " The group

                believes the WTO is " . . . one of the world's most
powerful, secretive, undemocratic and
                dangerous bodies that weakens democracy". The group's web
site offers publications and
                teach-ins against the WTO and has links to the sites of
many other activists groups listed

                29) NO2WTO

                An apparently well-organized anonymous group of radical
anarchists opposed to the WTO
                and capitalism. It organized a massive demonstration in
Seattle last November and
                coordinated many other activists around the world during
the same time. The group's various
                corporate targets include: Bank of America, U.S. Bancorp,
Key Bank and Washington
                Mutual Bank, Old Navy, Banana Republic and the GAP,
NikeTown and Levi's, McDonald's,
                Starbucks, Warner Bros., Planet Hollywood, and Fidelity
Investments (" ...major investment
                in Occidental Petroleum, the bane of the U'wa tribe in
Colombia"). They are now planning a
                four-day worldwide general strike against capitalism on May
1, 2000 to be held across the
                city of London.

                30) National Labor Committee
                Charles Kemaghan, Executive Director

                "A human rights advocacy group, dedicated to promoting and
defending the rights of
                workers. Through establishing long standing working
relationships with non-governmental,
                human rights, labor and religious organizations, primarily
in Latin America, the NLC puts a
                human face on the global economy. The NLC educates and
actively involves the public in
                actions aimed at ending labor abuses, improving living
conditions for workers and their
                families and promoting the concept of a living wage and
true independent monitoring." The
                group targets large corporations such as The Gap, Nike, Liz
Claiborne, Wal-Mart, etc. "A
                crowded cluttered bunch of offices in the Garment District
consisting of 6 people, direct a
                militant, low-budget, much-criticized campaign against the
use of sweatshop War by large
                companies." -The New York Times

                31) National Lawyer's Guild
                Steve Goldberg, Chair, International Committee

                "An association dedicated to the need for basic change in
the structure of our political and
                economic system. Aim to bring together all those who
recognize the importance of
                safeguarding the rights of workers, women, farmers, and
minority groups." The group
                provided legal materials to the WTO activists in Seattle
last November. Its web site has
                links to the government, legal groups and associations.

                32) Oxfam International

                Penny Fowler, member

                "An international group of 11 autonomous non-governmental
organizations sharing the
                commitment of working for an end to the waste and injustice
of poverty as well as debt relief
                Works primarily through local organizations in more than
100 countries. The WTO needs
                radical institutional reforms in order to remain credible
as a multilateral organization" The
                group has a small staff of four in Washington, DC that
lobbies international institutions and
                claims to have influenced House Banking Committee Chair Jim
Leach and Congressman
                John LaFalce.

                33) People for Free Trade
                Jeremy Simer, contact

                "A voluntary net-work of individual people, churches and
other organizations in Victoria and
                Tasmania committed to fair trade with producers of goods,
through the support of education
                and alternative trade." This group is very interested in
selling tea and coffee in Sri Lanka and
                Papua New Guinea. It has links to other fair trade advocacy

                34) People's Decade for Human Rights Education
                Malina Mehra, Director; Peter Leuprecht, President;
Shulamith Koenig, Founder

                "Develop and advance pedagogics for human rights education
relevant to people's daily lives
                in the context of their struggles for social and economic
justice and democracy." This group
                is pivotal in lobbying the United Nations and has many
influential endorsers and advisors,
                including former President Jimmy Carter.

                35) Peoples' Global Action

                "A gathering of peoples' movements fighting corporate

                This group organized a caravan of about two dozen
international activists to protest the
                WTO in Seattle.

                36) Project Underground
                Danny Kennedy, Director, Steve Kretzmann, Oil Campaigner

                This is a non-profit organization in Berkeley, CA that
supports communities "threatened" by
                the mineral industries. "Working at the nexus of the
environmental, human rights, and
                indigenous movements, they are redefining proactive public
interest solidarity work for the
                21st century." The group was contracted to work in defense
of the U'wa Indians against
                Occidental Petroleum. Colleague and fellow activist, Terry
Freitas, was murdered by
                Colombian rebels. The group appears to be very well
organized and respected. It has been
                described by The Financial Times as "a pressure group." Its
web site offers many links to
                sites of activists, companies, governments and associations.

                37) Public Citizen's Global Trade Watch 

                Joan Claybrook, President; Lori Wallach, Director; Ralph
Nader, Founder

                "Fights for international trade and investment policies
promoting government and corporate
                accountability, consumer health and safety, and
environmental protection through research
                lobbying, public education and the media." Among the
group's issues are: The WTO, Fast
                Track, AGOA, CBI, NAFTA, China and MAI.

                38) Rainforest Action Network 
                Randy Hayes, President and Founder

                "Works to protect the Earth's rainforests and support the
rights of their inhabitants through
                education, grassroots organizing, and non-violent direct
action. " The group claims to have
                25,000 active members working with environmental and human
rights groups in 60
                countries. This group is working to stop "destructive'
fossil fuel development by Shell Oil on
                U'wa homeland in Colombia.

                39) Ruckus Society
                John Sellers, Director, Han Shan, WTO coordinator

                "A non-profit California corporation organized in 1995 to
provide training in the skills of
                non-violent civil disobedience and direct action to help
environmental and human rights
                organizations achieve their goals- "The group's action-camp
cosponsors include:
                International Campaign for Tibet, Project Underground, RAN,
RFK Center, Friends of the
                Earth and Native Forest Network. The society does not
necessarily advocate issues, it
                provides training and support to those who do. Ruckus
activities have been covered and
                featured by media worldwide.

                40) Sheet Metal Workers Union
                Michael J. Sullivan, President; Vincent A. Panvini,
Director of Government Affairs

                The union consists of 140,000 members in 200 affiliated
local unions in the U.S. and
                Canada. The headquarters are in Washington, DC

                41) Sierra Club 
                Carl Pope, Executive Director

                The group's stated mission: "To explore, enjoy, and protect
the wild places of the earth, to
                practice and promote the responsible use of the earth's
ecosystems and resources, to
                educate and enlist humanity to protect and restore the
quality of the natural and human
                environments." The group's web site contains a "Vote
Watch", newsletters, daily updates,
                and a magazine.

                42) Sierra Club's Responsible Trade Program
                Dan Seligman, Director

                This group's issues include: Forests, invasive species,
rainforests, sea turtles, food safety,
                no NAFTA or MAI for Africa. It is located in Washington, DC
and its officials have testified
                before Congress. Its web site features many books and links
to many organizations listed in

                this document, in addition to: www.jimhightower.com (a
progressive populist radio
                commentator), www.rtk.net/preamble (The Preamble Center)
and mai.flora.org.

                43) Southwest Network for Environmental and Economic Justice
                Richard Moore, contact

                This group represents low-income, rural minorities.
"Objects to the sweeping powers of the
                WTO to over-ride the laws of nations, states, and tribes."
The group states that it wants fair
                trade and "... a WTO with principles."

                44) Third World Network
                Martin Khor, Director

                "An independent non-profit international network of
organizations and individuals involved in
                issues relating to development, the Third World and
North-South issues. They represents
                southern interests and perspectives at international forum
such as the UN conferences and
                processes." The group's issues include: The WTO, UTNCTAD,
biotechnology, biodiversity,
                the environment, human rights, gender issues, health,
agriculture, UN/peace and security,
                economics, and third world resurgence.

                45) UNITE
                Ann Hoffman, Legislative Director Chris Chafe, Political
Action contact Union of Needle
                Traders, Industrial and Textile Employees. 

                "Has fought aggressively for workers' rights, against
sweatshops, and against corporate
                greed " This union represents workers in the U.S., Canada
and Puerto Rico. UNITE is
                against the WTO and has started telephoning members of
Congress opposing permanent
                NTR status for China, and CBI (has said it will try to
"kill" the bill in 2000). The web site has
                links to the AFL-CIO and Congressional sites. The union
appears very organized and offers
                extensive information on how workers can mobilize to lobby

                46) United Automobile Workers
                Steve Yokich, President

                This group states that it stands for justice for working
people. It has an extensive web site
                devoted to contacting members of Congress. The union has
joined forces with the
                Steelworkers and Machinists unions. It is against MAI, the
WTO and MFN.

                47) United Farmworkers of America
                Rudy Arredondo, Manager in Washington, DC

                This group advocates "... bringing justice to farm
workers". The group seems to be relatively
                organized. Its web site provides information on how to
lobby Congress as well as many
                links to labor unions, the government, media, contract
companies and Hispanic groups.

                48) United Steelworkers of America

                George Becker, President

                "Represents over 700, 000 workers in the U.S. and Canada.
One of the most diversified and
                effective unions in the nation." The union states that it
will continue to challenge the WTO
                and supports an annual review of NTR status for China
instead of a permanent one. It has
                recently merged with IAM and UAW. Its web site includes
information on how to contact
                members of Congress.

                49) United Students Against Sweatshops 
                Eric Brakken, organizer

                "An international coalition devoted to stopping sweatshop
labor. Demand that their
                universities take responsibility for the conditions under
which their licensed apparel is made
                by adopting Codes of Conduct to regulate the behavior of
their manufacturers." The group
                works to raise awareness about sweatshops on college
campuses across the U.S.

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